Having crystal clear complexion is the holy grail of beauty.
There are many different types of pigmentation. Pigmentation is caused by an oversupply of melanin in an area of skin. This could be due to natural inborn factors or external causes such as sun exposure.
Types Of Pigmentation
Different types of pigmentation have their own unique characteristics and therefore require different methods of treatment.
The common types of pigmentation are:
Freckles are small brown marks that usually appear on sun-exposed areas.
Solar lentigos, also known as sun or age spots, on the other hand, are larger and have more defined outlines compared to freckles. They usually arise in middle age and appear on sun-exposed areas such as the face, arms and hands.
Melasma results in symmetrical, brownish patches on the face. It is more common in women and also in darker skin types. It is caused by a variety of factors such as:
1. Sun exposure
3. Hormonal treatments or imbalances
Due to the unique nature of melasma, it is more difficult to treat compared with most other types of pigmentations. It can be slow to respond to treatment and may need more sessions of laser before lightening effects are observed. Once treatment is discontinued, melasma may still return. Hence, melasma usually requires routine treatment for maintenance even after a successful series of treatments.
Hori’s nevus, also known as Acquired Bilateral Naevus of Ota-Like Macules (ABNOM) is a condition seen almost exclusively in Asian Chinese skin type. It typically, appears as bluish-gray flat hyperpigmentation on the cheeks, but may involve the eyelids, forehead and nose as well.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is seen after skin injury, infection, or inflammation (e.g. Acne, Eczema) to the skin.
It can be temporary lasting a couple of months or may become a permanent feature on your skin.